Cyprus is the third largest island of the Mediterranean with the acreage of 9250km2. It is situated 75 km south from Turkey and 105 km west from Syria. Cyprus has a unique location in the crossroads of three continents in the eastern corner of the Mediterranea Sea. Cyprus has a diverse nature with long beaches and mountains, idyllic villages and modern cities.
The climate is warm and sunny throughout the year on the island. Cyprus has a history of 9000 years and hence, countless attractions and sights. The goddess of love, Afrodite, is said to have been born on shore
Salamis, Pafos, Cyprus
of the island. Cyprus has been inhabited since 5800BC. Due to its location many conquerors have wanted to possess it from the Phoenicians to Assyrians, and Egyptians to Persians. Cyprus was under the Roman rule for several hundreds of years. After the Romans came the Bysantines, the French Lusignan dynasty and the Venetians. The Turks governed Cyprus for 300 years until Great-Britain took controls in 1878 until 1960.
In 1960 Cyprus became indipendent for the first time in 3500 years. In June 1974 Turkey invaded Cyprus and as a result the island was divided in two: the northern part into Turkish Cypriot side, and the southern part into Greek Cypriot side. The capital, Nicosia, has also been divided into Turkish Cypriot and Greek Cypriot side. Cyprus is a member state of the European Union since 2004 with the currency of euro.
Capo Grecko, Protaras, Ayia Napa, Cyprus
From the islanders the majority of 78% are Greek Orthodox Christians. Christianity came to Cyprus 45BC. From the population 18% are muslims. The population is 810 000 from which 200 000 are Turkish Cypriots.
Cyprus offers many possibilities for water sports and outdoor activities. You can get easily from one place to another by rental car, but please bear in mind that you must drive on the left!
More information about Cyprus you can find from Cyprus Tourist
Organization (visitcyprus.com) other good resources of information are cyprus.com and discovercyprus.com. Fro agrotourism.com.cy you can find information about nature, villages and accomodation in villages. If you are interested in events then you can look for them from cyprusevents.net according to the area of interest. cyprussummer.com has information about hotels, restaurants and bar from the whole island.
Pafos sea front Cyprus
Pafos is a beautiful coastal city in the far southwestern corner of Cyprus with approximately 60 000 inhabitants. It has the second largest airport of the island. On the way from Limassol to Pafos you can see Petra tou Romiou which is the birthplace of Afrodite, the Greek goddess of love.
Sunset in Pafos Cyprus
In Pafos, Paul the Apostle baptised the first governor that converted to christianity in 45 AD. St paul’s Pillar is still seen on the main street, Apostolos Pavlos Avenue, to which Saint Paul was allegedly tied and whipped 39 times.
Pafos harbour and Fortress in Cyprus
There are many historical sights in Paphos. The tombs of the Kings, Saranta Kolones and the House of Dionysos are just a few to mention. The unique mosaics in the houses of Dionysos, Theseus and Aioni are well worth seeing.
Pafos sea view in Cyprus
Pafos has additionally to remarkable historical sights also excellent possibilities for outdoor activities from golf courses to wind surfing. The cafes and tavernas are perfect to enjoy free time in warm Mediterranean atmosphere.
More information about Pafos you can find from visitpafos.org.cy and pafos.org.cy
The 1000-year-old capital of Cyprus has approximately 280 000 inhabitants. Nicosia has plenty of shops, restaurants, tavernas, cafes and bars. In the restaurants and tavernas you should definitely try out traditional “meze”, that consists of many small local dishes. There can be up to 30 different small dishes and you are supposed to try everything. Often you can choose if you prefer meat or fish meze. There are many nice taverns in the “Laiki Geitonia” where pedestrians can enjoy the old atmosphere.
Old Nicosia Cyprus
There are many sights in Nicosia, for excample Saint John’s cathedral is worth visiting. It was built in 1665 and it has beautiful frescoes from the 16th century. In Nicosia there are also many shops to fit any taste and purse. The two main streets for shops are Ledra and Onasagorou Street. You can take as a souvenir traditional Lefkara laces, Commandaria desert wine, or Halloumi cheese. nicosia.org.cy has more information about Nicoasia and happenings in the area.
Larnaca, Cyprus, from above
Larnaca is a lively city of 80 000 inhabitants. There is a modern airport, and you can admire the landing airplanes from Larnaca sea front. Over 5 milloin tourists pass from this airport yearly.
Larnaca Marina, Cyprus
Larnaca is the eldest city of Cyprus, it was founded 6000 years ago and it is still situated in the same place. It was called Kition before, and according to a legend this is due to the fact that it was founded by Noah’s grandchild Khittim.Next to the airport there is a beautiful salt lake where you can see flamingos and other migratory birds during winter. By the lake there is Hala Sultan Tekesi mosque which is the 3rd most important destination of pilgrimage to muslims after Mekka and Medina.
Larnaca Sea Front, Cyprus
Larnaca sea fron has a beautiful promenade with palm trees, idyllic tavernas, marina and busy cafes. Larnaca has a long Christian connection as the first bishop was Saint Lazarus. There is a church that bears his name built above his reputed tomb. Additionally in Kiti, just outside Larnaca, there is a 1000-year-old church Panagia Angeloktisti which has very rare mosaics worth seeing. Furthermore, in a village called Lefkara you can see and buy world famous laces that have impressed even Leonardo da Vinci.
For more information about Larnaca you can go to larnaca.com or larnaka.com.
Kalopanayiotis, Troodos mountains, Cyprus
Troodos mountain view, Cyprus
Many tourists come to Cyprus for the beautiful beaches, but Cyprus offers much more than that. Troodos mountains are the perfect getaway from the summer heat. The highest peak is Mount Olympus which is 1952 metres high. There are also ski facilities in winter.
The scenery is breathtaking in summer and in winter. There are many small Bysantine churches and monasteries together with sleepy villages and calm mountain resorts. The most famous mountain resort is Platres in 1127 metres with many hotels and hotel appartments. Other beautiful villages are for example Pedoulas and Moutoullas that are famous for their cherries and mineralwater respectively.
Sunset in Troodos mountains, Cyprus
You can ask for a prochure from Cyprus Tourist Ornanization for Agrotourism that describes the Troodos area and gives suggestions where to stay in the mountains. If you need more information about Troodos mountains and villages you can go to mytroodos.com or kypros.org/Cyprus/troodos.html or platres.org/english/index.htm
Millomeri Waterfall, Troodos mountains, Cyprus
Limassol city view in Cyprus
Limassol is the second largest city of Cyprus and it has the island’s most important port. Limassol is very popular among tourists due to its beautiful beaches. The polulation in Limassol is approximately 175 000.
Limassol sea front in Cyprus
Limassol area is famous for its festivals; the Carneval is in the spring and the Wine Festival in the autumn and they both last about a week. There is also a Flower festival held in May.
Sunset in Limassol Cyprus
Limassol is known for its unique history as it was the city where the king of England Richard the Lionheart and his fiance Berengaria wed in 1191 after many twists and turns in their journey to the Holy Land. Furthermore, Berengaria was crowned the queen of England in Limassol.
Kalydonia waterfalls in Cyprus
From Limassol it is easy to visit the ancient city of Curium that dates back to 1200 BC. Near Curium there is also Petra tou Romiou, Afrodite’s birth place. Within the city you can visit the medieval castle and Kolossi castle.
For more information about Limassol you can go to limassolmunicipal.com.cy